Shunned by the international community for two decades, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, who came to power in Libya in 1969 through a coup d’état, returned to favor in the 2000s. His country’s natural resources, particularly petroleum, played a key role in this policy reversal for certain countries, notably France, which signed a number of arms contracts with Libya between 2005 and 2010. However, during this period of relative openness, the Libyan people were no more guaranteed their fundamental rights and freedom of expression than they were before.
Despite restrictions imposed on Libyan society and political opponents of Muammar Gaddafi’s regime, stirrings of dissent and popular resistance began in February 2011. From that point, repression quickly transformed in the East of the country into armed insurgency and a call for greater social justice. In August 2011, Tripoli fell to the rebel movements and Muammar Gaddafi was captured and killed in October 2011.
Diplomatic rapprochement between the international community and Libya played a significant role in promoting Colonel Gaddafi before his death. The numerous ties established by certain countries, particularly France, were at the heart of many controversies, the most important being the Libyan regime’s possible 50 million euro contribution to Nicolas Sarkozy’s campaign during the presidential elections of 2007.
Mediapart ignites the fire in 2012 when it publishes an article that includes a 2006 document recording a meeting in which financial support for Nicolas Sarkozy’s campaign was approved starting in 2005.
Corruption and influence peddling
Owing to various testimonies corroborating the transfer of funds intended to finance this campaign, the Office of the Public Prosecutor in Paris decides on April 19, 2013, to initiate a judicial inquiry into charges of active and passive corruption, influence peddling, and misuse of company assets.
On June 26, 2013, Sherpa files a complaint and civil suit with Judges Serge Tournaire and René Grouman within the framework of its “Illicit Financing” program.
The goal of our association is to use all existing tools to fight these illicit cash flows as well as international corruption, which continues to hurt the most vulnerable populations.
Click here to read our press release.Tags: financing sarkozy campaign, french ngo, french ngo sherpa, french president, funding sarkozy's campaign, Muammar gaddafi, sarkozy, sarkozy campaign, sarkozy gaddafi, sarkozy gaddafi financing, sarkozy gaddafi financing campaign, sherpa, sherpa french president, sherpa sarkozy Last modified: 17 December 2019